Scholarly Editing

The Annual of the Association for Documentary Editing

2013, Volume 34

The Trinity Seven Planets

Edited by Alpo Honkapohja

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Also 
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Ptolemy | tholomeDefinition: English: Claudius Ptolemy; Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaudios Ptolemaios; Latin: Claudius Ptolemaeus; c. AD 90 – c. AD 168.
in   þe 
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almegesteDefinition: Ptolemy`s major workEtymology: The Almagest is a work of mathematical astronomy written ca. ad 150 by Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus of Alexandria). It was the most advanced work of its kind and served as the basic guide for Islamic and European astronomers until Nikolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). The original name of the work was Mathematike Syntaxis ("The Mathematical Arrangement"); Almagest was as a corruption of the Greek word for greatest (megiste) with the Arabic definite article (al). The work was translated into Arabic and then from Arabic to Latin in the last half of the 12th century.
almenake  reherseth  þtþat  þe 
zodiake  of 
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heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
is  a  grꝰtegrete 
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cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
seide  in  þe  viijeighte  or  in 
þe  ixeninthe 
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Gloss

spere | spere, nounDefinition: A sphere. (MED) the cosmic spheres beyond the earth extending from the planetary spheres on to the heavenly spheres; often, the seven planetary spheres, the sphere of the fixed stars, and the primum mobile.
of  þe 
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firmament | firmament, nounDefinition: (OED) In old Astronomy: The sphere containing the fixed stars; the eighth heaven of the Ptolemaic system.
vndꝰvnder  þe  whiche  ȝe 
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[page id: f122v] VndꝰVnder  þe  whicħ  zodiake  ałł 
þe  vijseuen  planetꝭplanetis  aftꝰafter  her  ꝓpirpropir 
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course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
meuen  &and  be̅ben  detꝰmi-
ned
determi-
ned
  aftꝰafter  þe 
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course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
of  tymes 
in  þis  wise . þtþat  is  to  sey .as 
firste  to  speke  of  þe  hiest 
planete  in  þe 
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Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
þat 
is  callid  satrnesaturne / he  goitħ 
his 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
in  þe  space  of 
xxxthriti  ȝere .IubitꝰIubiter  in  xijtwelue 
ȝere ·Mars  in  two  ȝere /
The  so̅nesonne  in  oon  ȝerꝰȝere .VenꝯVenus 
in  cccxlviij thre  hundred  fourti  eighte  dayes .Mercu-
ry  in  cccxxxviij thre  hundred  thriti  eighte dayes 
And  þe  mone ؛ in  xxvijtwenti  seuen 
daies  &and  viijeighte  houres  &ca et  cetera 
[page id: f123r] And  þus  goitħ  &and  meuetħ 
euꝰyeuery  planete  of  þe  vijseuen  pla-
netꝭ
pla-
netis
  aforꝰafore  seide  by  his  na-
turel  &and  ꝓpirpropir 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
in  þe 
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Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of  þe  zodiake /This 
grꝰtegrete 
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cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of  þe  zodia-
ke  is  deꝑtiddepartid  in  xijtwelue  eue̅euen 
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equacioun | equacionsDefinition: (MED) Astrol. Equal partition of the sphere into `houses' for astrological purposes.
þtþat  be̅ben  callid 
þe  xijtwelue  signes  &and  be̅ben  cal-
lid  wtwith  þe  names  of  cꝰte-
yn
certe-
yn
  bestꝭbestes  &and  fishes  for  þe 
ꝯueniensconueniens  &and  likenes  in 
certeyn  ꝓpirteespropirtees ·These 
be̅ben  þe  names  of  þe  signꝭsignes 
aries · taurꝯtaurus · geinigemini · ca̅cꝰcancer  ·leo ·
vigovirgo ·libalibra ·scorpio · sagttariꝯsagittarius ·capi-View pages f123v-f124r
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[page id: f123v]cornꝯ
capri-View pages f123v-f124r
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[page id: f123v]cornus
  aqariꝯaquarius  pisces  Notise 
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Definition: The translator translates Latin nota bene as "noteth well" or "notice well".
þtþat  þe  computacionscomputacions  of 
þe  meuyngꝰmeuynge  of  þe  vijseuen  pla-
netꝭ
pla-
netis
  begy̅neþbegynneþ  wtwith  þe  signe 
Aries  þat  is  callid  þe  mo-
oste  noble  signe  of  þe 
xijtwelue  signes  of  þe  xijtwelue  signes .
The  vijseuen  planetꝭplanetis  be̅ben  þe  chief 
meistrꝰsmeistres  of  al  science ·þe 
whicħ  vijseuen  planetꝭplanetis  god  set-
te  in  þe  stꝰrysterry 
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heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
so  þtþat  þey 
sholde  meuen  aȝenst  þe 
fimame̅tfirmament ·to  rꝰstreynerestreyne  &and 
wtstondewithstonde  þe  swifte  me-
uynge  &and  þe  feersnes  of 
þe  fimame̅tfirmament ·so  þtþat  in  no  wise 
[page id: f124r] þey  passe  not  þe 
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latitude | latitude, nounDefinition: (OED) Astron. The angular distance of a heavenly body from the ecliptic: called spec. celestial latitude. (See also ascending n., geocentric adj. 1, heliocentric adj. 1, and heliographic adj. 1)

of  þe  space  of  þe  xijtwelue  sig-
nes  Thes  xijtwelue  signes  ben 
deuided  so ·þtþat  ecħ  of  he̅hem  haþ 
his  ꝓpirpropir  ꝑtyparty  &and  his 
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Gloss

climat | clymatesDefinition: (MED) (a) The region of earth dominated by a particular planet (i.e., by the moon, Mercury, Venus, sun, Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn); (b) one of the regions dominated by certain zodiacal sign

in  euꝰyeuery  londe  as  þꝰþer  to  regne 
to  gouꝰnegouerne  &and  wirche  aftꝰafter  ꝓ-
pirte
pro-
pirte
  &and  nature . ffirst  þe 
eest  ꝑtyparty  as 
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AntiochDefinition: The ancient city of Antioch; one of the Crusader states founded by European Christians after the First Crusade (1069-1099).
&and  al 
þꝰabouteþeraboute  is  gouꝰnydgouernyd  by  þes 
iijthre  sygnes ·cancꝰcancer ·leo ·vigovirgo ·
The  weste  ꝑtyparty  þe  whicħ 
is  callid 
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Gloss

Armenie | armenyDefinition: Armenia
is  gouꝰ-
nyd
gouer-
nyd
  by  þes  iijthre  signes · capi-
cornꝯ
capri-
cornus
  · aqariꝯaquarius  · pisces  /The  sou-
the  ꝑtyparty  whiche  callid 
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Alexandria | alexandreDefinition: The city of Alexandria; may also refer to land of Alexandria, Egypt (MED)
View pages f124v-f125rFull size in new window &and  þꝰabouteþeraboute  is  gouꝰ-
ned
gouer-
ned
  by  þes  iijthre  sygnes ·libalibra ·
sagttariꝯsagittarius ·scorpio  The  nor-
the  ꝑtyparty  as 
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ConstantinopleDefinition: The city of Constantinople, the capital of Byzantium.

&and  þꝰabouteþeraboute  is  gouꝰnedgouerned  by 
þes  iijthre  sygnes ·aries ·tau-
rꝯ
tau-
rus
 ·geinigemini ·&and  þus  þe  signes 
be  deuydid  in  iiijefoure 
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climat | clymatesDefinition: (MED) (a) The region of earth dominated by a particular planet (i.e., by the moon, Mercury, Venus, sun, Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn); (b) one of the regions dominated by certain zodiacal sign
of  þe  worlde  by  þe  in-
fluence  of  who̅whom  eche  reu-
me  haþ  diuꝰsediuerse  ꝓpirteespropirtees  &and 
co̅moditeescommoditees  &and  co̅diciou̅condicioun  wt-
yn
with-
yn
  hi̅him  silfe /

SAtrneSAturne  is  þe  hiest  pla-
nete  &and  is  colde  &and  diedrie 
as  þe  erþe  is ·&and  it  is  yuel 
&and  maliciouse  of  hi̅him  silfe .
[page id: f125r] it  is  noctrnalnocturnal  &and  ponderouse 
&and  it  is  moost  ferrꝰferre  fro̅from  þe  er-
the ·&and  ȝitte  it  is  moste  grꝰ-
uouse
gre-
uouse
  to  þe  erþe ·His  corsecourse 
durytħ  xxxthriti  ȝerꝰȝere ·It  is  mo-
che  pale  in  colourꝰcoloure . &and  dinessedrinesse 
&and  coldenesse  be̅ben  callid  two 
dedly  qalitesqualites  þtþat  longeþ  to 
hi̅him . And  þꝰforeþerfore  seiþ  þe  phi-
losophers  þtþat  if  a  childe  be 
borne  oþꝰer  ełł  ꝯceycuedconceycued  vn-
dꝰ
vn-
der
  his  d̅naciou̅dominacioun  it  shal  so-
ne  dyȝe · oþꝰer  ełł  he  shal be 
of  yuel  ꝯdiciou̅condicioun  This  pla-
nete  by  hshis  natrenature  makiþ  a 
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[page id: f125v] man  blacke  foule  slowe  so-
ry  silde  to  laughe ·or  to be 
mery .&and  noþi̅gꝰnoþinge  hati̅gehatinge 
ne  eschewi̅geeschewinge  foule  þi̅gꝭþinges 
ne  stynky̅gestynkynge  þi̅gꝭþinges .&and  þe  ꝯ-
diciou̅
con-
dicioun
  of  suche  folke  is 
callid 
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malencolyDefinition: (OED) a. Black bile, one of the four chief fluids or cardinal humours recognized by ancient and medieval physiologists. b. Med. Originally: a pathological condition thought to result from an excess of black bile in the body, characterized in early references by sullenness, ill temper, brooding, causeless anger, and unsociability, and later by despondency and sadness. Later: severe depression, melancholia. Now arch. and hist.
But 
noteþ 
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Definition: The translator translates Latin nota bene as "noteth well" or "notice well".
þtþat  whe̅when  þsþis  pla-
nete  entriþ  þe 
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Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of 
IubitꝰIubiter .þe̅þen  is  þe  malice 
of  hi̅him  lessed ·And  notiþ 
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Gloss

Definition: The translator translates Latin nota bene as "noteth well" or "notice well".

þtþat  satrnesaturne  dwellid  in  euꝰyeuery  sig-
ne  xxxthriti  monethis ·&and  whe̅when 
he  regnyþ  in  hshis  ꝓpirpropir 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.

þtþat  is  to  sey  in  aquario  &and  ca-
picorno
ca-
pricorno
 ؛þe̅þen  begy̅nebegynne  grete 
[page id: f126r] harmes  &and  myscheues  wtynwithyn 
þe 
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climat | clymatesDefinition: (MED) (a) The region of earth dominated by a particular planet (i.e., by the moon, Mercury, Venus, sun, Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn); (b) one of the regions dominated by certain zodiacal sign
of  þe  erþe  &and 
þtþat  moste  whe̅when  he  is  in  aqaryaquary .
for  þen  shal be  grete  te̅-
pestꝭ
tem-
pestes
  &and  grꝰtegrete  flowdꝭflowdes .&and  also 
grete  hate  &and 
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enuyte or enmyteDefinition: Possibly a mispelling of "enmite" (MED)(1) Of personal agents: (a) a hostile feeling or attitude, rivalry, malice; also, a hostile act; (b) the action of an enemy, an attack; (c) an enemy;--also coll., hostile people, enemies. (2) Of non-personal agents: (a) hostility, threat, or danger (to man's spirit from the forces of evil); (b) an internal conflict, a rivalry (between spiritual forces); (c) adverse influence (of a deity); (d) astrol. unfavorable or baleful influence (of a planet). Another possibility is that it comes from the verb ”anoien” (MED) anoien (v.) Also annoien, enoien; anuien, en-; an en, enn-, in-; an(n) en, enn-; esnuien. To disturb, annoy, offend; displease, irritate, provoke.
&and  dis-
corde  &and  grꝰtegrete  batail  &and  war 
amonge  þe  pepil /The 
childre̅children  of  satrnesaturne  wherꝰwhere  þei 
gone  þey  caste  hir  yen 
vnto  þe  erþe ·þey  be̅ben  le-
ne  of  body  &and  of  face  ha-
uy̅ge
ha-
uynge
  litil  yen  &and  litil  he-
re  vpo̅vpon  hir  berdys ·þey  be̅ben 
riȝt  wraþful  &and  ful  vene-View pages f126v-f127r
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[page id: f126v]mous  in  hir  dedꝭdedes ·seyngꝰseynge  oon 
wtwith  mouþe  &and  þenke  ꝯtrarycontrary  in 
herte /
IVbitꝰIVbiter  is  þe  nex-
te  planete  aftꝰafter  satrnesaturne ·hshis 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
is  xijtwelue  ȝere ·he  is 
good  &and  welwillid /it  is  ho-
te  &and  moyste  as  is  þe  ae-
yr  duly  masculine  &and  in 
colorcolour  arge̅teyneargenteyne  þtþat  is  whi-
te |.Hwtwith  his  grꝰtegrete  good-
nesse  &and  beneuolence  restꝰyneþrestreyneþ  re-
pꝰssitħ
re-
pressitħ
  þe  grꝰtegrete  malice 
of  satrnesaturne ·It  causiþ  grꝰtegrete 
fayrnesse  feyr  yen  feirꝰfeire 
here  &and 
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sanguynDefinition: One of the four temperaments. (MED) (c) one of the four humors, blood; also, the complexion, or temperament, dominated by blood; also person.; (e) a person dominated by a sanguine complexion.
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complexion, complexiounDefinition: (OED) In the physiology and natural philosophy of the Middle Ages: The combination of supposed qualities (cold or hot, and moist or dry) in a certain proportion, determining the nature of a body, plant, etc.; the combination of the four ‘humours’ of the body in a certain proportion, or the bodily habit attributed to such combination; ‘temperament’.

þis  planete  dwelliþ  in 
euꝰyeuery  signe  oon  ȝerꝰȝere  &and  so  hshis 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
is  xijtwelue  ȝerꝰȝere .When  Iu-
biter
Iu-
biter
  is  bytwyxe̅bytwyxen  satrnesaturne  &and 
mars  þe  which  be̅ben  callid 
þe  yuel  planetꝭplanetis .it  is  þe̅þen 
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Gloss

mean | mene, adj.Definition: (MED) In a middle state between two extremes; Astron. ~ argument, the angle at the center of a planet's epicycle between the mean position of the planet on its epicycle and a line running through the center from the equant; ~ aux, of a planet: a line running from the equant through the center of the epicycle; ~ motus (mote), the uniformly varying angle at the earth, measured from the first point in Aries, giving the mean position of the sun or a planet in the ecliptic; also, the moving point projected by the sun or planet, as seen from earth, on the zodiac.
wtwith  þe  lower  &and  wiþ 
þe  heyer  axe  of  þe 
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Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
·
&and  þe̅þen  is  þe  malice  of  hem 
lesse  &and  þe  goodnes  of  Iu-
biter
Iu-
biter
  also  lessid  And  Whe̅When 
IubitꝰIubiter  is  in  hshis  ꝓpirpropir 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.
þtþat 
is  in  pisces  &and  sagttariꝯsagittarius  þe̅þen 
he  is  in  hshis  ful  goodnes  &and 
þen  he  ȝeueþ  to  hshis  childre̅children 
good  &and  feyr  craftꝭcraftes .to be 
wise  &and  curiouse  &and  in  wri-
ty̅ge
wri-
tynge
  &and  rꝰdy̅geredynge  &and  so  in  oþꝰeere 
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[page id: f127v] diuꝰsediuerse  facultes .he  makiþ 
fairꝰfaire  staturꝰsstatures  &and  to be  of  go-
de  maners  &and  of  grꝰtegrete  tro-
uþe  &and  suche  shal  haue  two 
forꝰfore  teeþ  grꝰtegrete  &and  large |&and 
he  euꝰeuer  shal  loue  good  &and  ha-
te  yuel /
Mars 
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Gloss

Definition: This planet of Mars entered Aries its house on the first day of September in the year of our Lord 1459 and moon on the sixteenth. This is first existing in number, evidently sixteen.
plane-
ta  martꝭmartis 
i̅trauitintrauit  in 
ariete  do-
mo  de  sua 
kalendis 
septe̅brisseptembris 
anoanno  doidomini  mille-
simo  ccccmoquadringentesimo 
lixus quinquagesimo  nonus  . et 
luna  xvjsedecimo 
hohoc  eꝰest  pimaprima  ex-
iste̅te
ex-
istente
  in  nu-
mꝰo
nu-
mero
  vizvidelicet  xvjsedecim .
is  þe  iijethridde 
planete ·it  &and  it  is  hote 
&and  drye  as  is  fyrꝰfyre  mascu-
line  noctrnalnocturnal  &and  causyth 
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Gloss

choleric | colerike, adj.Definition: (OED) a. Of persons: Having choler n. and adj. as the predominant humour; of bilious ‘complexion’, or temperament; bilious.
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complexion, complexiounDefinition: (OED) In the physiology and natural philosophy of the Middle Ages: The combination of supposed qualities (cold or hot, and moist or dry) in a certain proportion, determining the nature of a body, plant, etc.; the combination of the four ‘humours’ of the body in a certain proportion, or the bodily habit attributed to such combination; ‘temperament’.
&and  bol-
de  &and  hardynes  &and  i̅medi-
ate
immedi-
ate
  it  folwiþ  IubitꝰIubiter  &and  pꝰ-
cediþ
pre-
cediþ
  venꝯvenus  &and  þꝰforeþerfore  of  þe 
mediacy  &and  neighnes  of 
þe  two  good  planetꝭplanetis ؛þe 
[page id: f128r] ferse  malice  of  mars  is 
lessid /Mars  þe  planete ؛
disposiþ  grꝰtegrete  lengþe  &and 
smalnes  in  ȝonge  age  by 
cause  of  þe  grꝰtegrete  hete ·btbut 
in  age  it  disposiþ  to  grꝰetgreet 
stoupi̅gestoupinge  doune  by  cause 
of  his  grꝰtegrete  drynesse ·
&and  whe̅when  he  is  in  hshis 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.
þtþat 
is  aries  &and  scorpio ؛ þen 
schal be  stryues  &and  discordes 
batails  &and  war .but 
þe  of  su̅sum  good  pla-
nete  may  abate  su̅sum  of 
hshis  malice ·&and  he  dwelliþ 
in  euꝰyeuery  signe  xlviij fourti  eighte  daies 
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[page id: f128v] &and  xjeleuen  houres . &and   his 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
is  ijotwo 
.ȝere /. The  childre̅children  of  mars 
be  of  broune  colorcolour  &and  þey  be̅ben 
grꝰtegrete  debatorsdebatours  &and  ꝯtagiouscontagious 
peple /
ThSonne  is  þe 
fourþe  planete ·it  is  cal-
lid  þe  welle  of  lyȝte ·it  is 
hote  &and  drye  masculi̅emasculine  dai-
ly  &and  haþ  his  h sete  in  mydd-
dꝭ
mydd-
des
  of  þe  stꝰrysterry 
X

Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
as  em-
ꝑor
em-
perour
  souꝰeignesouereigne  of  þe  vijseuen  plan-
etꝭ
pla-
netis
 .he  castiþ  oute  of  hi̅him 
silf  xijtwelue  shyny̅geshynynge  bemes  &and 
alwey  is  meued  vndꝰvnder  þe 
zodiake  in  directe  meuy̅gmeuyng 
&and  holdy̅geholdynge  hshis  corsecourse 
[page id: f129r] in  myd  wey  of  þe  zodiake .
for  þe 
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Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of  þe  so̅nesonne 
ouꝰouer  passyþ  by  riȝt  lymt 
þe  myddes  of  þe  zodiake  þe 
whiche  is  deuidid  in  xijtwelue  e-
uen  spaces  as  it  is  reher-
sid  aforꝰafore  And  whe̅when  þe  so̅nesonne 
passiþ  fro̅from  þe  firste  poynt 
of  hshis 
X

Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
&and  is  rꝰtornydretornyd 
vnto  þe  same  poynt  þer 
as  he  bega̅nebeganne ؛þsþis  passage 
is  callid  þe  yer  of  þe  son-
ne  It  disposiþ  a  creaturꝰcreature 
to be  corsy  fayre  facid  &and  in 
colorcolour  white  &and  rede  large 
yen  &and  wel  disposid  to  ałł 
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[page id: f129v] science  &and  craftꝭcraftes  This  pla-
nete  goiþ  hshis 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
in  þe  he-
ue̅
he-
uen
  in  ccclxv Thre  hundred  sixti  fyue  daies  &and  vjsix  hourꝰshoures  oon  ȝerꝰȝere  &and  he  dwelliþ 
in  euꝰyeuery  sygne  xxx thriti  daies  x.ten 
horis  &and  xxxtithriti  mynutꝭmynutes . And  a-
monge  ałł  þe  planetꝭplanetis ·þe 
so̅nesonne  disposiþ  al  manꝰmaner  bestꝭbestes 
to  hardynes  &and  to  lyfe  This 
planete  is  largꝰlarger  þe̅þen  is  viijeighte 
tymes  al  þe  erþe  &and  it  me-
uytħ  ꝯtynuellycontynuelly  morꝰmore  swiftꝰswifte 
þen  an  arwe  of  a  bowe ·&and 
it  is  moste  nyghe  to  vs  at 
þe  poynt  of  mydday  &and  fer-
þest  at  þe  rysyngꝰrysynge  &and  setti̅gsetting 
as  to  speke  of  þe  day · And 
þe  childre̅children  of  þsþis  planete 
[page id: f130r] ben  gretly  disposid  to  diui-
ne  seruiceseruice  &and  han  whe̅when  hir  a by-
dyngꝰ
a by-
dynge
  wtwith  astatꝭastates  &and  of  ꝓpir-
te
propir-
te
  þey  sholde  be̅ben  riȝt  meke 
&and  homely /
VEnus  is  þe 
fyfte  planete ·he  is  hote 
&and  moyste  &and  is  good  &and  wel-
wellid  feinynfeminyn  noctrnalnocturnal .&and 
is  seide  þe  stꝰresterre  of  loue  &and 
is  of  white  &and  shyny̅geshynynge  co-
lourꝰ
co-
loure
 · This  planete  euꝰeuer 
foloweþ  þe  so̅nesonne ·&and  su̅tymesumtyme 
aforꝰafore  goyþ  þe  so̅nesonne ·&and  þen 
is  callid 
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Gloss

lucifer, nounDefinition: (OED) The morning star; the planet Venus when she appears in the sky before sunrise. Now only poet.
·&and  su̅ty-
me
sumty-
me
  foloweþ  þe  so̅nesonne  &and  þe̅þen 
is  callid 
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Gloss

vesperus, nounDefinition: Hesperus, Greek Hesperos, also called Vesper, Latin: Lucifer, the bringer of light. Hesperus is the evening star in Greco-Roman mythology. He was initially considered to be the son of Eos, the Dawn, and the Titan Astraeus, but was he later said to be the son or brother of Atlas. He was later identified with the morning star, Phosphorus, or Eosphorus and later discovered by astronomers to be the planet Venus.
.&and  amo̅geamonge 
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[page id: f130v] al  sterris  þis  planete  shy-
neþ  moste  briȝt  &and  glori-
ouse  &and  it  disposiþ  a  crꝰatu-
re
creatu-
re
  to  grete  beaute  &and  to  ly-
kyngꝰ
ly-
kynge
  &and  luste  of  þe  fleiscħ .
He  regneþ  in  pisces  &and  in 
vigynvirgyn  &and  dwelliþ  in  euꝰyeuery  sig-
ne  xxtwenti  daies .&and  he  goyþ 
hshis 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
in  CCCxlviij Thre  hundred  fourti  eighte  day-
es ·&and  whe̅when  he  is  in  hshis 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.

þtþat  is  in  libra  &and  tauro  it  swa-
gyþ  enuy  &and  co̅fermyþconfermyþ  a-
mours  loues .&and  oppꝰssiþoppressiþ  þe  mali-
ce  of  oþꝰer  planetꝭplanetis .In  þe  fyf-
the  moneþe  of  co̅cepciou̅concepcioun  of 
a  childe  it  disposiþ  þe  erys 
[page id: f131r] þe  nose  þe  nose  thriłł  þe  y-
en  &and  þe  browes ·
MErcury 
is  þe  vjtesixte  planete ·is  hote 
&and  moyste  noctrnalnocturnal  &and  su̅ty-
me
sumty-
me
  masculine  &and  su̅tymesumtyme 
feinynfeminyn ·He  is  good  wtwith  good 
&and  yuel  for  he  bowiþ  hi̅him  silf 
vnto  þe  natrenature  of  hi̅him  to  who̅whom 
he  is  ioyned  The  firste 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.
of  hi̅him  is  vigovirgo ·þe  secu̅-
de
secun-
de
  is  geinigemini ·OþꝰwhileOþerwhile  he  shy-
neþ  aforꝰafore  þe  so̅nesonne  risyngꝰrisynge 
&and  oþꝰwhileerwhile  aftꝰafter  þe  so̅nesonne  go-
yngꝰ
go-
ynge
  doune .Also  he  is  good 
of  eloquence  &and  of  wisda̅wisdam 
&and  to be  curious  in  science  &and 
in 
X

Gloss

calculen | calculynge, verbDefinition: (MED) astrol. to cast horoscopes, etc.; solve (a problem) by calculation, find (an answer, a solution), learn (sth.) by calculating; prob. also used of geomancy and other kinds of divination.
&and  þꝰforeþerfore  it  is 
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[page id: f131v] callid  þe 
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Gloss

house | hous, house, nounDefinition: (OED) Astrol. Each of twelve parts of the ecliptic or the zodiac having some particular significance in human affairs, typically formed by great circles through diametrically opposed points and numbered eastwards from the ascendant (ascendant n. 1). Also: a sign of the zodiac considered as a seat of greater influence of a particular planet; a ruler (ruler n.1 2b). Cf. mansion n. 4.
of  marchu̅tꝭmarchuntes 
&and  also  it|  is  seied  þe  god  of 
þe 
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Gloss

palestre | palestre, nounDefinition: (MED) An arena for martial games, tourneying field; a battlefield; fig. a place for intellectual combat.
for  it  fyȝghtiþ 
euꝰmoreeuermore  wtwith  þe  so̅nesonne ·for  it 
is  neuꝰmoreneuermore  distau̅tdistaunt  fro̅from 
þe  so̅nesonne  but  xxxthriti 
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Gloss

gre | greesDefinition: (MED) astron. a degree of arc, 1/360 of a circle; (c) a division on a sundial; (d) a measure of length, ?a yard.
.
&and  it  abideþ  in  euꝰyeuery  signe 
xxviij twenti  eighte  daies  &and  vjsix  houris .
&and  it  endeþ  hshis  ful 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.

in 
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Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
in  CCCxxviij Thre  hundred  twenti  eighte  dayes 
&and  disposeþ  a  creatrecreature  to  ha-
ue  an  hye  forehed  &and  longꝰlonge 
nose  feyr  face  &and  longe 
&and  subtile  lippes /
Thmo-
ne  is  þe  vijseuenthe  planete ·&and  it 
is  like  þe  body  of  þe  so̅nesonne 
[page id: f132r] in  gretnesse  &and  feirnesse 
vnto  orour siȝte · And  he  wan-
teþ  ꝓpirpropir  lyȝte  of  hi̅him  silf .
but  he  resceyueþ  his  liȝt 
of  þe  so̅nesonne ·&and  þe  morꝰmore  nyg-
he  þtþat  it  goyþ  vnto  þe  so̅-
ne
son-
ne
  þe  more  it  lesyþ  of 
hshis  lyȝt  as  toward  þe  er-
þe  &and  þe  morꝰmore  it  haþ  his 
liȝte  vpwarde ·ffor  whe̅when 
þe  mone  is  ioyned  wtwith 
þe  so̅nesonne  at  þe  ꝯiu̅cciou̅coniunccioun 
þe  mone  ȝeueþ  no  liȝte 
vnto  þe  erthe ·but  þe̅þen  al 
vpwarde  to 
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Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
·it  shy-View pages f132v-f133r
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[page id: f132v]neth  ful  liȝte | but  when 
þe  mone  is  in  þe  oppisici-
ou̅
oppisici-
oun
  wtwith  þe  so̅nesonne  þe̅þen  it  ȝeuyþ 
ful  liȝt  vnto  þe  erþe  &and 
no  þi̅geþinge  towarde 
X

Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
.
The  mone  ȝeuyþ  aug-
mentaciou̅
aug-
mentacioun
  in  ałł 
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Gloss

humour | humoursDefinition: (MED) Anat. (a) One of four fluids (blood, phlegm, choler, melancholy) which form and nourish the body; ?also, a part or an organ composed of humor(s; kindeli ~, natural ~, ~ natural, one of the four normal humors; god ~, a healthy or beneficial humor; (b) one of four harmful fluids formed in the body; innatural ~, unkinde ~, unnatural ~, an unnatural or harmful humor; (c) a fluid or humor which produces ulcers, disease, etc.; also fig.; ille (ivel, qued, wikked) ~; gleimi (viscous) ~, a sticky humor; roten ~, a decaying or corrupt humor; etc. [It is seldom possible to be certain whether the disease-producing humor is an unnatural humor or a corrupted form of one of the natural humors.]; (d) any pathological fluid of the body; matter, pus, a secretion, liquid resulting from decay, etc.

wherꝰforewherefore  in  hshis  decrꝰsyngedecresynge 
þe  marowe  in  bones  þe 
brayn  in  hedꝭhedes  &and  al  oþꝰer  hu-
mors
hu-
mours
  in  þe  body  doon  decrꝰ-
se
decre-
se
 ·&and  whe̅when  þe  mone  encrꝰ-
syþ
encre-
syþ
  þe̅þen  þe  seide 
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Gloss

humour | humoursDefinition: (MED) Anat. (a) One of four fluids (blood, phlegm, choler, melancholy) which form and nourish the body; ?also, a part or an organ composed of humor(s; kindeli ~, natural ~, ~ natural, one of the four normal humors; god ~, a healthy or beneficial humor; (b) one of four harmful fluids formed in the body; innatural ~, unkinde ~, unnatural ~, an unnatural or harmful humor; (c) a fluid or humor which produces ulcers, disease, etc.; also fig.; ille (ivel, qued, wikked) ~; gleimi (viscous) ~, a sticky humor; roten ~, a decaying or corrupt humor; etc. [It is seldom possible to be certain whether the disease-producing humor is an unnatural humor or a corrupted form of one of the natural humors.]; (d) any pathological fluid of the body; matter, pus, a secretion, liquid resulting from decay, etc.

multiplie̅multiplien .Also  þe  mone 
is  of  þe  see  &and  waters  at-[page id: f133r]tractyue  &and  lorde  of  he̅hem  Also 
noteþ  þtþat  þe  mone  &and  þe  pla-
nete  mꝰcurymercury  be  more  lesse 
þe̅þen  þe  erþe ·&and  al  oþꝰer  plane-
tꝭ
plane-
tis
  &and  also  stꝰryssterrys  as  it  is  sei-
de ؛be̅ben  more  þe̅þen  þe  erþe ·
The  so̅nesonne  is  viijeighte  tymes 
more  þe̅þen  al  erþe ·&and  þe  mo-
ne  is  vjsix  tymes  lesse  þen 
þe  erþe ·The  mone  dwel-
lyþ  in  euꝰyeuery  sygne  ijotwo ·daies 
&and  vjsix  houris  &and  an  half .&and  in 
þe  space  of  xxvij twenti  seuen  dayes 
&and  viijeighte  houris  it  ouꝰouer  passeþ 
al  þe  xijtwelue  signes .And  it  is 
colde  &and  moyste  feiny̅feminyn  &and  noctr-View pages f133v-f134r
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[page id: f133v]nal
noctur-View pages f133v-f134r
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[page id: f133v]nal
 . Also  when  þe  mone 
is  in  þe  riȝt  dyametꝰdyameter  sette 
bytwixte  vs  &and  þe  so̅nesonne 
þen  it  shal be  þe  eclipse 
of  þe  so̅nesonne ·&and  þis  may  not 
be  but  in  þe  ꝯiu̅cciou̅coniunccioun  of 
þe  so̅nesonne  &and  of  þe  mone .&and 
also  wha̅whan  þe  son̅esonne  is  in 
þe  lyne  eclyptike ·&and  þtþat 
is  whe̅when  þe  sonne  is  in  þe 
hede  of  þe  dragou̅dragoun  &and 
þe  mone  in  þe  tayle :~
or  ellis  þe  co̅tarycontrary .If  þe 
mone  at  þe  begy̅nyngꝰbegynnynge 
of  þe  newe  mone  shene 
rede  it  sygnifieþ  þen 
[page id: f134r] to be  wyndy ·/If  it  shene 
derkely  in  þe  vpꝑvpper  cornꝰcorner ؛
it  signifieþ  reyny ·If  it 
shene  sharply  it  signifi-
eþ  grꝰtegrete  te̅pestetempeste  in  shorte 
tyme  co̅myngꝰcommynge / The  go-
de  planetꝭplanetis  be̅ben  callid  Iubi-
ter
Iubi-
ter
  &and  venꝯvenus · The  yuel  pla-
netꝭ
pla-
netis
  be̅ben  callid  satrnꝯsaturnus  &and  mars .
The 
X

Gloss

mean | mene, adj.Definition: (MED) In a middle state between two extremes; Astron. ~ argument, the angle at the center of a planet's epicycle between the mean position of the planet on its epicycle and a line running through the center from the equant; ~ aux, of a planet: a line running from the equant through the center of the epicycle; ~ motus (mote), the uniformly varying angle at the earth, measured from the first point in Aries, giving the mean position of the sun or a planet in the ecliptic; also, the moving point projected by the sun or planet, as seen from earth, on the zodiac.
planetꝭplanetis  ben 
sol  &and  luna  &and  mꝰcuriꝯmercurius  Al-
so  noteþ  þtþat  wha̅whan  eny  of  þe 
planetꝭplanetis  entryþ  eny 
X

Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.

of  oþꝰer  it  takeþ  þe̅þen  of  þe  qa-
lite
qua-
lite
  &and  vꝰtuvertu  of  þtþat  oþꝰer  &and  so  þe 
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[page id: f134v] þe  goodnesse  of  a  good  pla-
nete  is  lessid  by  þe  pꝰsen-
ce
presen-
ce
  of  an  yuel  planete  &and 
so  þe  co̅trarycontrary /
Also  no-
tetħ  þe  seyngꝰseynge  of 
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Gloss

Maimonides, Rabbi Mosheh Ben Maimon (1135-1204) | moyses

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Gloss

Sidrac or Sidrak | sidrack, sidracke, noun, proper nameDefinition: A Christian wiseman in a popular medieval book of knowledge, which was translated from French to English (ed. Burton 1998). Although the character is fictional, Sidrak enjoyed considerable reputation as an astrologer and is referred to in serious scientific treatises.
X

Gloss

rabyDefinition: Possibly Aaron ben Gershon Abu Al-Rabi (fl. 1400-1450) or Muhiyuddin Muhammad ibn Arabi (1165-1240).
&and  oþꝰer . þtþat  þe 
space  fro̅from  þe  erþe  to  þe 
X

Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of  þe  mone  is  as 
moche  as  a  man  in  ple-
yn  wey  myȝt  gone  in 
VC Fiue  hundred . ȝerꝰȝere . to  gone  eche  day 
xlfourti  myle ·&and  eche  myle 
co̅teyny̅geconteynynge  a  thousand 
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Gloss

pace | pase, nounDefinition: (OED) The distance covered in a step (or sometimes two), used either as a definite unit of measurement or more vaguely to indicate approximate distance.
·&and  euꝰyeuery  pase  VFiue ·fete 
And  euꝰyeuery 
X

Gloss

cercle, sercle, nounDefinition: (MED) The apparent circular path, orbit, or course of a heavenly body or constellation; the ecliptic of the sun, the circle deferent or epicycle of a planet, the path of stars about a celestial pole, etc.
of  eche 
[page id: f135r] planete  co̅teyneþconteyneþ  in  hi̅him 
silf  þe  space  of  .V C Fiue  hundred  ȝerꝰȝere 
&and  in  þyckenes  &and  in  brede ·
And  from  þe  space  of 
þe  erthe  vnto  saturne 
is  þe  space  of  VijSeuen  mlthousand  ȝe-
re  &and  thre .Also  vppon  þe 
hiest  party  of  sterry  he-
uen  aboue  þe  vijseuen  plane-
tis  ben  many  smale  stꝰ-
rys
ster-
rys
  stondi̅gestondinge  fyxe  who̅whom 
no  man  kan  nou̅brenoumbre 
They  ben  fyxe  but  ȝit-
te  þey  ben  ledde  aboute 
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[page id: f135v] wyþ  þe 
X

Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
þtþat  meuyþ 
as  nayles  ben  in  a  carte 
while ·&and  þey  seme  sma-
le  to  oure  siȝte  but  ne-
uꝰ þe lees
ne-
uer þe lees
  þe  leste  of  he̅hem 
saue  þe  mone  &and  mer-
cury ؛is  more  þe̅þen  al  er-
the .And  also  þe 
X

Gloss

heven | heuen, nounDefinition: (MED) (a) The upper part of the sky; the region in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets appear; hevenes eie, the sun; hevenes whel, the firmament; fig. Christ; (b) astrol. the heavenly bodies as affecting or revealing events or personal destiny; the position of the planets, etc., at a particular time.
saue  þe  hiest  þtþat  is 
celu̅celum 
X

Gloss

coelum empireum | celum empireumDefinition: (OED) The highest heaven. In ancient cosmology the sphere of the pure element of fire: in Christian use, the abode of God and the angels.
here  may 
be  seen .This  hiest  he-
uen  as 
X

Gloss

Sidrac or Sidrak | sidrack, sidracke, noun, proper nameDefinition: A Christian wiseman in a popular medieval book of knowledge, which was translated from French to English (ed. Burton 1998). Although the character is fictional, Sidrak enjoyed considerable reputation as an astrologer and is referred to in serious scientific treatises.
&and  oþꝰeere 
meny  seyen ؛ it  is  so  hy-
ȝe  þat  if  a  stone  of  an 
[page id: f136r] hundred  men  is  lyfte 
were  therꝰthere  &and  letten 
falle  doune  ؛ it  sholde 
be  in  fallyngꝰfallynge  a  m lthousand   ȝerꝰȝere 
or  it  come  to  þe  erþe 
aftꝰafter 
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Gloss

course | course, cours, nounDefinition: (MED) Astron. The movement of a heavenly body or sphere; the orbit (of a heavenly body), path (of a star), revolution (of a sphere); fulfillen, passen, rennen ~, maken even ~, to complete a circuit or revolution.
of  science 
of 
X

Gloss

arithmetic | arsmetike, nounDefinition: (OED) The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures, (MED) being one of the four disciplines comprised in the quadrivium (along with geometry, astronomy, and music), the higher part of the undergraduate degree in medieval universities.
&and  geome-
try  ./whereforꝰwherefore  amonge 
ałł  þe  mꝰueillesmerueilles  of  god 
þis  is  a  grete  mꝰueillemerueille 
&and  wondꝰwonder  þtþat  an  Aungele 
oþꝰer  a  clene  soule  may 
passe  so  longe  a  space 
in  þe  while  &and  space  of  a 
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Full size in new window
[page id: f136v] momente ·And  as  cler-
kes  seyn  aboue  þis  he-
uen  is  no  þi̅geþinge /It  is  cal-
lid  fyry  be cause  it  se-
myþ  al  fyre  of | grete 
myȝt /but  ȝitte  it  bre̅-
neþ
bren-
neþ
  not  but  it  shenyþ 
more  cleerꝰcleere  &and  bryȝte  as 
bre̅ny̅gꝰbrennynge  fyre ·ne  it  me-
ueth  not  but  stondiþ 
fixe  &and  stille /&and  it | is  sei-
de  goddis  owen  sete  &and 
see ·to  þe  which  see  bri̅gebringe  vs 
he ؛ þtþat  for  vs  died  vppo̅vppon  þe 
rode  tre  Amen / Explicit /